Did you know how beautiful your yard will look with landscape walls?
Typically, gardeners build landscape walls to keep the unsecure items stable and sound; but you can also create stairs for a dangerous slope, cover erosions and set up mini outdoor decks at various elevations.
For a landscape to actually function and remain secure, you’ll need to use correct designs, follow accurate constructing tutorials and maintain the final piece carefully. This means that the landscape wall will require a concrete base so it’ll be firm on the backside. Also, there should be enough drainage to prevent water flooding all over the place. Keep in mind that the base soil will frequently push at the landscape walls, hence requiring regular attention and maintenance, plus some repair if needed. Follow the instructions below and you’ll learn to build your own landscape wall and preserve it perfectly.
Building Landscape Walls
A deep path should be built for each landscape wall. Use wood planks and mason’s line, and excavate the excess soil. For the first row of wall block, you’ll need to dig a trench deep enough to hold the course still. The front of trench must be located at least 2 inches below the surface. The backside of trenched area must be lined with proper landscaping fabric. Next, add some bedding sand until it reaches 1 inch in depth.
Install perforated pipes behind the first row of landscape wall for drainage. Create a slightly sloped grading using soil. To prevent blockage, fixate the open end of pipes with grate inserts. Pull the landscape fabric low so it covers the drainage pipe. Lastly, add a 3-inch layer of crushed stones.
Install the first base blocks onto the sand and tap them down with a hammer. The blocks should lightly incline backwards so the wall is forced to lean against the hill. Put the rest of base blocks onto the earth and bring them into line along the top and posterior surfaces. Check the smoothness using a straightedge and keep tapping each block until the course is even. Repeat process until the upper section is level. Attach cap portions with construction adhesive, remove excessive fabric and fill any empty spaces left behind the wall. Fill the gaps on the front until about half of the base blocks are covered.
Certain plants can help preserve the walls into the landscape. Avoid species with roaming roots. Covering plants and flowers should be planted as close to the wall as possible, but try to maintain a 3-feet distance for small shrubs. Larger bushes and small tress should be at least 6 feet away from the wall; Having said that, the minimum distance for larger trees must be about 15 feet or more.
A common failure happening with landscape walls, is inadequate drainage that leads to water logging and wet sand cumulating behind the wall. Speaking of which, you must make sure the drains always functions properly.
Some constructors create weep holes along the wall baseline for the water to flow through. These holes should be kept clean and unclogged. Use a screwdriver or some tough wire to clean the holes out and keep them open. If there’s a downpipe behind the wall, make sure it doesn’t get blocked during heavy rainfalls.
Landscape Wall Issues
Most landscape wall difficulties are either due to inclination or portions going wobbly.
Let’s say a landscape wall is sloped and insecure instead of leaning back steadily. Such walls might not resist the weight of sand filling behind and the risk of a collapse exists. Same difficulty happens when a portion of the wall is not following the alignment. Problem begins where you can’t just push the portion back into place. The whole wall must be deconstructed and rebuilt.
If you notice a loose brick in a cemented wall, remove it and carve the old cement away. Apply a new layer of new ready-to-use cement on the bottom and ends of brick and slip it back into place. Use a jointing tool or an old spoon to scrape cement off your trowel and spread it into the gaps to hold the brick still. Remove excess cement and wipe the brick clean with a wet duster. Use this method to repair any loosened brick in a stone landscape wall.
Another common problem you might face with your landscape wall, is loosened cap rock. To repair this, simply remove the old cement away, prepare a new cement bed and place the cap back. Fill the remaining gaps around with extra cement.