According to seasonal expert gardeners, sowing a mix of various plants together will improve both plant health and overall beauty. The rumors of magic happening between certain plant combinations might not be wrong, after all. Scientific researches indicate that companion planting phenomenon is a thing; many experienced growers use this method as a yield-increasing strategy. Proper pairing will have many benefits for both companions.
Companion plants favor each other in growth while occupying less space. For instance, taller plants tower over shade-lover crops and limit the amount of sunlight they receive. Some species like vines will cover the garden bed and grow beneath the crop shoots without even inhabiting extra space.
Certain pairings might also help with pest control. Some plants are pest-repellent, while some will attract the harmful organisms to protect the delicate plants.
The following combinations will function perfectly together.
Roses and Garlic
For ages, gardeners have been planting garlics beside rose bushes, since the strong garlic aroma wards rose pests off. Garlic chives are not only good pest repellents but they also develop small flowers during late spring and match beautifully with colorful roses.
Marigolds and Melons
To eradicate melon pests, consider planting specific nematode-controlling marigold varities instead of pesticide application.
Tomatoes and Cabbage
One of the main cabbage pests is diamondback moth larvae. It can heavily damage your crops, but fortunately, planting a couple tomato bushes along the cabbage row will keep this pest away.
Cucumbers and Nasturtiums
Master gardener and author of Great Garden Companions, Sally Jean Cunningham indicates that nasturtium is the perfect companion for growing squash and cucumber plants, regarding its clambering stems. Nasturtium tends to keep cucumber beetles at bay, meanwhile provides a shelter for beneficial predatory insects and spiders.
Peppers and Pigweed
During a research performed at Coastal Plains Experiment Station in Tifton, Georgia, it was observed that leafminers prefer ragweed and amaranthus (aka pigweed) over pepper plants. However, remember to remove weed flowers before they develop seeds.
Cabbage and Dill
Generally, dill functions perfectly when paired with plants of the cabbage family. According to Cunningham, cabbages act as a stand for unsteady dill shoots, meanwhile the dills attract beneficial wasps which feed on cabbage worms and other pests.
Corn and Beans
Since beneficial predators are attracted to beans, pairing corn with bean plants will reduce the population of corn pests, including leafhoppers, leaf beetles and armyworms. You can wrap the bean vines around corn stalks to enhance the pest control.
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