Freshwater fish, goldfish in particular, are popular due to their silent nature and almost-exotic appearance. Goldfish are particularly easy to keep compared to other species; they’re low-maintenance, resilient and the simplicity of caring makes these sweet creatures perfect options for first-time pet owners. Speaking of which, it shouldn’t be assumed that goldfish can survive on water and ignorance. As living organisms, they do require plenty of care to survive and, say, live to see ten plus of years!
Here’s a fact for you: Goldfish can live up to 20 years if kept properly! If you wish to learn the art of keeping fish alive, read through our neat guide.
Prepare a Tank.
Unlike what you see on advertisements and cover images, goldfish cannot survive in a small bowl for long times. Fish need adequate water to receive vital amount of oxygen, and bowls are definitely way too tight on volume to hold enough water for them not to suffocate. If you’re planning to keep your fish alive and happy for a long time, consider purchasing a tank. Generally, regular sized goldfish (around 2 inches long) will need a 30-litre tank.
Make sure to provide your fish tank with essential equipment, if a fully equipped tank isn’t available. Here’s a checklist for what your tank should contain:
- Air pump: Considering the limited concentration of oxygen in water, installing an air pump is gravely essential. It also provides waves which helps your fish with its nervous system.
- Hood: The tragedy of fish suicide-jumping out of tank is real, guys. Provide a proper hood to cover your tank with. Those little guys are excellent jumpers, and you should prevent the risk of them ending up dead on the floor.
- Water Filter: Food residues and fish excretions contain chemical substances harmful to your fish, thus installing a filter is highly required to keep the water as clean as possible.
- Decorations: Forget the rumor of fish having 3-second memory. They tend to memorize their surroundings pretty well, and this means leaving the tank without decorations can confuse them. Plus, fish require some hiding places to get comfortable. Ensure your chosen decorations are harmless to your fish so there won’t be a risk of your small pet getting hurt. Fine pebbles, aquatic plants and decorations without sharp edges are perfect and safe options.
Maintain Quality Water.”Goldfish”
Just pouring tap water into the tank doesn’t mean your fish will be happy and all. Make sure the water you’ll be putting in that tank is chlorine-free and pH neutral. You’ll also need to change one-third of the water per week. If available, purchase some mineral salt and add proportional amounts to the tank.
Provide Nutritious Food.
Fish food should be purchased at a pet store. Consult the clerk and they’ll help you choose the best food according to your fish conditions. The amount you feed is also important- fish, carp in particular, cannot comprehend their limit and they might eat themselves to death. Feeding a few granules or flakes a day will suffice. Make sure the food is fresh and not expired; rancid or expired food can put your fish in danger.
Keep The Tank Clean.
In addition to partial water change, you should deep-clean the tank from time to time. Accumulation of residual food, slime, algae and fish poop can create a favorable environment for bacteria growth and increases the risk of ammonia toxicity.
Warning: DO NOT use any detergents when cleaning the tank or decorations. Basic substances present in those products are lethal to fish and will definitely toxify them to death. Using a regular and clean toothbrush will suffice to clean tank objects.
Keep Your Fish Safe.
As their calm nature suggests, fish need an undisturbed environment to live on happily. Here are some tips on keeping them safe:
- Just because your fish is under water, doesn’t mean air pollution has zero effect on it! Avoid spraying insecticides, air fresheners and spray products in the same room where you keep the fish tank.
- Seashells and treasures hunted at the beach are indeed cute, but we strongly recommend you to fight the urge of dropping them right in your fish tank! It won’t be fascinated as much as you are, but most likely will get struck by germs and parasites.
- Avoid using metal objects in the fish tank. Metals are highly prone to oxidization when submerged in water, and they can poison your fish.
- Do not tap on the glass or make abrupt loud noises around the fish tank. They’re sensitive to such irritations and might die suddenly.
Check on Your Fish Regularly.”Goldfish”
Watch your fish closely to understand its normal behavior; see how it eats, swims and rests in a normal state. This will help you recognize any symptoms in case any disease or difficulty happens. Learn about common fish health problems and preventive methods, this will help you maintain your fish healthy and kickin’ for long, long times.